*British rule affected tribal communities by forcing them to settle down and become peasants cultivators who would be easier to control and administer.
*By the 19th century, ancient ethnic tribes in different parts of India lived very productive lives. Some were Jhum cultivators, some were hunters and gatherers, some herded animals, and some took to settled cultivation.
*Traders from nearby villages and towns exploited the tribals when exchanging goods. Also, mining became an important industry, and tribals were recruited in large numbers to work at miserably low wages.
*Birsa Munda was a tribal freedom fighter and folk hero from the Munda tribe, and the leader of the Millenarian movement in the tribal belts of modern-day Bihar and Jharkhand.
*See how government records can be read to reconstruct histories of tribal revolts
*Take a close look at the lives of different ethnic tribal societies
*Changes within tribal economies and societies in 19th-century India
*Tribal revolts: focus on Birsa Munda
*Regional focus: Chotanagpur and the north-east